Looking for quality Geotechnical Engineering services in Niagara Falls? Geotechnics is one of the sub-disciplines of civil engineering. It is closely linked to engineering geology, so the discipline that combines the two is called geotechnical engineering. It is also known as soil engineering.

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Sir Karl Terzaghi is the father of modern ground mechanics. He defined methods for determining the properties and the strength properties of soils.

The topic applies the principles of soil mechanics, rock mechanics, foundations, retaining constructions and earth structures.

Egyptian temples, Roman buildings etc. were built centuries ago. However, their design of the foundation was not based on currently known technical principles!

This branch of civil engineering deals with soil, rocks, groundwater and their relationship to planning, construction and operation of engineering projects. For example, a Dutch core penetration test is conducted to determine the materials in soil profiles and to estimate their technical properties. Similarly, the net stress increase on the ground can be calculated using a formula (net load / safety factor).

The tools used for the technical analysis of field exploration are known as soil mechanics and rock mechanics. They can be analytical, numerical, experimental, etc. The analysis results are then used to develop geotechnical input for design purposes. The geo-technicians must monitor the construction work in all phases.

The ancient constructions were based on common sense, experience, rules of the thumb, and collective wisdom of builders. Some builders seem to have used rough tests to assess soil conditions. Their success is reflected in the fact that many dams have been in use for more than two thousand years!

Some failures in the Middle Ages led to new rules of thumb. The builders began slowly to apply scientific methods.

The researchers studied the engineering behavior of soils in the 17th and 18th centuries. Even in the late 19th century, progress in this area has lagged! The planning and design part requires site investigations, feasibility studies for resources and local decisions. An engineer must be able to make decisions quickly, as emergencies appear and need to be dealt with there and there. Other key responsibilities of an engineer include working within the local authority’s policies, seeking approval for plans, producing a cost estimate and blueprints, and servicing the project after completion.

There are many specialized areas of civil engineering, such as the handling of structures, water resources, environment, construction, transportation and geotechnical engineering. For most projects, civil engineers work in teams or sometimes even in coordination with other engineers.

Geo Technical Engineering was born in 1925 with the publication of a book written by Karl Terzaghi. He focused on the development of rational design methods.Civil engineering is ideal for those who enjoy designing, and the job pays off and carries. Safety should be the first priority of an engineer. If they are involved in the construction of residences, they must also observe the safety precautions. In the case of a motorway, they are expected to comply with traffic safety regulations.

Due to the efforts of researchers, significant advances in geotechnics have been made in the last century. Nevertheless, most of the analysis of the behavior of soil and rock is hampered. For example, the mathematical models of soil and rock behavior are only approximate because they do not take into account most of the other relevant factors.

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